Modification supercar Jaguar CX75, equipped with gas microturbines, recharge the battery hybrid power plant, will be offered only as an experimental vehicle designed exclusively for use on the test track. On this edition of Inside Line said the Jaguar brand director Adrian Hallmark.
At present the company in collaboration with Jaguar Formula 1 team Williams completed a series of aerodynamic tests C-X75, which showed that the car has enough downforce to reach speeds of over 200 km / h However, in tests it turned out that the original design CX75 does not provide an adequate level of cooling the power plant.
Experts have calculated that, to this there were no problems, the total area of air intake should be 1,562 square meters. m In this regard, the designers had to change the front of the body, however, according to Hallmark, the appearance of the supercar is not changed much. «Jaguar CX75 now looks more like a sculpture rather than a car, however, he became even more beautiful,” – said a top manager.
Hallmark said that the project CX75 now employs more than a hundred experts, including 40 engineers team Williams. They do not only aerodynamic, but also working on carbon-fiber body panels, carbon-fiber chassis and a hybrid power plant. At the moment, developers were able to overcome all the difficulties with the integration of gas microturbines firm Bladon in the power plant, but so far in the Jaguar are not ready to establish such units in the serial model.
As previously reported, on-road versions CX75 microturbines will be installed instead of turbocharged gasoline turbo “four” of 1.6 liters, similar to the unit, which is a Formula-1 will be used in 2013. Developers engine – the company Cosworth – managed to “withdraw” from the motor 313 hp per liter. The first prototypes of the machine have been tested in December of last year, and driving test instances supercar will run in the middle of this year. Now, according to Hallmark, Jaguar is already building the first “mules” new items.
Also in the power plant will consist of two superpenalty motor (one for each axis), and lithium-ion batteries. According to preliminary data, the total plant capacity will reach 1,000 hp From zero to 96 km / h CX75 can be accelerated for 3 seconds, 160 km / h the car pick up in 5.5 seconds, and 300 – for 15.5 seconds. The maximum speed of new items will be 330 km / h
Jaguar is going to release 250 copies of the model CX75. The cost of the supercar will be around 1.15 million dollars. The first customers will receive their cars by the end of 2013.
In his book “Thoughts about education,” John Locke paid much attention to the psychological foundations of education and moral formation of the personality. Denying the existence of innate qualities of the children, he likened the child “clean slate” (tabula rasa), on which you can write anything you like, suggesting a greater power of education. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, by contrast, came from the idea of natural perfection children. In his view, education should not hinder the development of this perfection, and therefore should provide children with a free, adapting to their inclinations and interests. These ideas of Rousseau laid the foundation for the development of the theory of “free education” and pedotsentrizma in teaching science, according to which education should follow exclusively the interests and wishes of children and promote their development.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s pedagogical views outlined in the book “Emile, or On Education.” Rousseau criticizes book character education, divorced from life, offering to teach that child is interesting that the child was very active in the process of training and education, we must trust the child to his self-education. Rousseau was a proponent of independent thinking in children, insisting on increased learning and its relation to life, to personal experience of child labor attached special importance to education.
Pedagogical principles JJ Rousseau
1. The content and teaching methodology should facilitate the development of amateur and student activity. “The students in the learning process should always be put in the position of a researcher who opens himself as a scientific truth.” Let him – wrote Rousseau – attains knowledge not through you, and through himself, that he does not learn science and invent it himself. ”
2. Knowledge should be obtained not from books, but from life. Book character education, isolation from the life of the practice – are unacceptable and harmful.
3. We must learn not all the same, but to teach what is interesting is the particular person that fits his inclinations, ie then the child will be active in their learning and development.
4. Need to develop the student observation, activity, independence of judgment based on direct contact with nature, life and practice.
John Locke’s theory of education argued that if a child can not get in the community the necessary ideas and impressions, it means that it is necessary to change social conditions. Need to develop strong physically and spiritually whole person who acquires knowledge, useful to society. Locke argued that good – it’s what gives prolonged pleasure and reduces pain. A moral good – this is voluntary submission to the will of the laws of human nature and society, which are the divine will – the true basis of morality. The harmony between private and public interests is achieved in a prudent and pious behavior.
11. PEDAGOGICS XIX century. Johann Pestalozzi,
Johann Herbart, ADOLF Disterveg
Rousseau’s ideas were further developed and put into practice in the works of Swiss educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827gg.), Who claimed that the purpose of education – in the formation of humanity, in the harmonious development of all the powers and faculties of man. He believed that education should be Prirodosoobraznost: it is intended to develop the inherent nature of human spiritual and physical strength, in accordance with the inherent desire for a child full of activity. The main merit of Pestalozzi is that he – one of the founders of the didactics of elementary education. His theory of elementary education includes the intellectual, moral, physical and occupational education, which is in close communication and cooperation in order to end up with a harmonious development of man. His idea of developing training K. Ushinskiy called a great discovery. Pestalozzi developed a method of teaching children the account, the measurement of the question, expanded basic training information to include the details of the geometry, geography, as well as drawing, singing and gymnastics.
Heinrich Pestalozzi, in his book “Lingard and Gertrude” developed ideas about the nature of humane education, friendly attitude to children, instilling in them the sympathy and compassion to the people as the basis of their moral development. In the practical teaching activities Pestalozzi tried to combine the training and education of children with the organization of their work manageable, used the educational role of children’s community, which later received the name of the educational team, for the moral formation of their pets.
Pedagogical principles of Pestalozzi
1. Any training should be based on observation and experience, and only then go up to the conclusions and generalizations.
2. The learning process should be built by the successive transition from part to whole.
3. The basis for learning is the visibility. Without the use of visualization can not achieve the correct view, the development of thought and speech.
4. Must fight the verbalism, “verbal rationality education, capable of generating only empty talkers.”
5. Education should contribute to the accumulation of knowledge and at the same time develop the mental skills, human thinking.